The stages of learning
Current usage combines, under the generic term of “learning”, several stages in a complex undertaking. It is useful here to distinguish several of these stages, to define what is specific to each in order to distinguish in retrospect what comes from work techniques and what from cognitive processes.
To teach....to learn.... to know...to reproduce
1. TO TEACH: to bring information
ingredients: subject matter skills, lesson planning, academic programs, pedagogical relationships and distances (oral or written)
2. TO LEARN: to take in information
ingredients: individual curiosities, perceptual enlargements and preferences (visual, auditive and kin-esthetic), concentration and attention, motivation, learning project
3. TO KNOW: to call up information, make sense
ingredients: preferences for calling up information (visual, auditive or kin-esthetic), understanding, imagination, memorization and reflexion, building a mental image)
4. TO REPRODUCE: to apply knowledge
ingredients: creativity, conformity, adaptation and calibration to the differing contexts being reproduced.