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All learning is the result of an interaction between two people, either through time via a written communication, or through space via an oral communication. Language allows us to organize our thoughts and to share our ideas.
Applied linguistics proposes models which allow us to understand and master our communication skills. This encourages teachers to create relationships which respect differences with others and for students to increase self-knowledge.

Transmitter, message, recipient, context, code, coding, decoding, feedback, noise, world view, beliefs, reference, signifier and signified, transformational grammar, surface structure and deep structure, intent, verbal and non-verbal, Jacobson's diagram, the Pygmalion effect, cybernetic