References: Mental management and neuro-linguistic programming
This kind of approach involves modeling based on successes. Starting with the question “What do you do to succeed?” which can be asked of students who succeed at their exams as well as of therapists who lead their patients towards healing, research has allowed us to come up with some models. These are both “structures” which clarify how the successes came about and “examples” which allow us to copy them.
In pedagogy, the work of Antoine de la Garanderie led to the idea of mental management, which is constructed around the following themes:
-learning profiles: a typology of cognitive processes based on the various components of perception (global, linear, aural, visual) or on preferences of evocation (reproduce, represent, conceptualize, interpret)
-mental management: attention, understanding, imagination, memorization and reflexion
-a pedagogical dialogue: a quiz which helps students to become aware of their learning styles
- the management of learning: activities consciously chosen to help in acquiring knowledge and developing skills
-the learning project: personal motivation which influences memorization.
In cognitive psychology, research coming from the Palo Alto school, based on the work of Gregory Bateson, has concerned itself with communication theory, methods of innovation and practices of remediation. Furthering this work, Richard Bandler and John Grinder developed their ideas of neuro-linguistic programming. This approach, functioning both as theory and practice, depends on the observation of the parameters of communication to show certain reproducible models of communication. Below are several of its postulates and tools:
-It is impossible not to communicate: all of our actions, including our silence, carries information.
-Everyone does their best depending on their knowledge, their skills and their beliefs, every one of us chooses what is for them the most efficient action.
-There are no failures, only feedback: communication is a retroactive circle. If answers don't correspond to the what is expected, the person who is communicating the message changes it.
-The objective: Every one of us has the choice to lead her/his life in a way that suits them.
-Reorienting: Each one of us can look at situations from different viewpoints.
-Map of the world: Our view of the world is influenced by our personal filters (visual, auditory or kin-esthetic preferences, beliefs, linguistic distortions).