Article Index

Forms of Multiple intelligences

In 1983, Howard Gardner put forward a theory regarding different types of intelligence in children. This same theory is also extended and applied to the general population.

So what are these “main families” which, according to Howard Gardner, make up multiple intelligences?


- Logical-Mathematical
- Verbal-linguistic
- Spatial-visual
- Musical
- Interpersonal
- Intrapersonal
- Naturalist
- Bodily-kinaesthetic

P. Boudreau and G. Grenier suggest a summarised description and illustrate each of the 8 multiple intelligences as defined by Howard Gardner.

The monthly publication of the Ecole Valaisanne in Switzerland “Revue Résonances” establishes specific methods to apply the theory of Multiple Intelligences.

The application of the theory does not call for learners to be categorised or labelled as certain types of learner. Instead it involves varying lesson types and teaching styles, learning materials, settings and the manner of interacting with each individual so that they can feel “intelligent” and can find elements that allow them to foster interest, to progress and to find their own qualities.