Different approaches to practising philosophy with children and adolescents
All the different approaches in philosophy crystallize around different people. Some have interpreted the work of Lipman and propose variants of the research community, while others have wanted to reinvent the approach and thus offer other models.
In addition to the Lipman approach, there are three major trends in philosophy for children.
-The approach of Michel Tozzi, trainer at the IUFM of Montpellier bases this practice on debate, conceptualization and problematization through democratic and philosophical discussion (DVDP). Discussions are organized around jobs attributed to certain students.
-The approach of Oscar Brenifier, French philosopher and author of several books for children, focuses on reflection around an opinion with a view to going further. It also stimulates students to think about the contrasts between good and evil, justice and injustice, being large and being small. His approach is Socratic and the animator is very present in these workshops.
- The approach of Jacques Lévine, French psychoanalyst puts forward a structure whereby children are encouraged to talk in order to discover the subject in hand. In so doing, a new relationship to oneself and others can develop. The silent presence of the adult enables him to observe the students and so better understand their potential.
Summary of the different approaches