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Education in pre-historic times: Informal yet lasting

canstockphoto1767637Learning contents: Education was practical. The young were taught how to manipulate tools, how to hunt and gather, how to fish, how to cultivate crops and how to build and maintain a house. The activities were determined by both individual and social needs.

Teachers: Adults served as examples, instructing and demonstrating skills.

Teaching methods: The young learned through observation and imitation, through games and through their participation in initiation ceremonies and other aspects of their communal life.

School organization: The classroom was outdoors.

Specificities: The learning took place naturally with little constraint and continued throughout life. This education allowed the young to be integrated into their community throughout the education process, which demonstrated a broader education than nowadays.


Further readings (in French):

Vial Jean, «L'éducation « primitive » », Histoire de l'éducation, Paris, Presses Universitaires de France , «Que sais-je ?», 2009.

Mialaret G., et Vial J., (sous la direction de), "Histoire Mondiale de l'éducation" 4 volumes, Paris, PUF, 1981.

Histoire de l'humanité, Unesco Volume I - De La Préhistoire Aux Débuts de La Civilisation, Published by the United Nations Organisation for education, science and culture.